Want To Know More About Gander?
The main economic industries for the Town of Gander are in the areas of transportation, communications, public administration and defence. In addition, a large portion of Gander’s economy is driven by the service industry. While Gander's resident population hovers around 10,000, some 128 surrounding communities, with a combined population of 90,000, rely on the businesses and services provided in Gander.
Health care and educational facilities contribute greatly to Gander's high standard of living. As a regional referral centre, the James Paton Memorial Regional Health Centre offers state-of-the-art health care equipment and medical professionals specializing in a range of disciplines. There is also 2 privately operated medical centres and various speciality clinics in physiotherapy, rehabilitation, chiropractic, optometry, massage therapy, wellness, community health and dentistry.
Gander has modern, well-equipped educational facilities for students of all ages, from day care and pre-school through publicly-funded primary, elementary and high school education.
Gander is also a regional post-secondary training centre with three community colleges (Keyin College, College of the North Atlantic and Gander Flight Training) offering a variety of trades and technology career choices.
The Town supports and operates many parks, hiking trails, playgrounds and recreational programs year round including a multi-purpose hockey arena, a curling club and an 18-hole golf course overlooking beautiful Gander Lake. The nearby Gander River is a world class waterway offering thrilling adventures and superb angling, while whales and icebergs ply the coastal waters of the North Atlantic less than an hour’s drive away.
Residents choose from a variety of apartments, condominiums, cottages and homes to suit every need including a full range of assisted living accommodations.
People and Culture
While predominantly English-speaking, Gander is a cosmopolitan community that has welcomed people of virtually all nationalities throughout its history. Built in the late 1930s as a dedicated airfield linking North America and Europe, Gander was conceived in the then-independent nation of Newfoundland by the Canadian, American and British governments. During the Second World War, Gander also hosted servicemen from all three countries, along with Australia.
In the post-war/Cold War era, Gander became the hub of commercial transatlantic aviation, known as the ‘Crossroads of the World’. Many of the prominent international airlines have periodically maintained offices at Gander over the years, including Aeroflot, Lufthansa, British Airways and the national airlines of other nations. As a result of this truly international heritage, today’s residents include individuals or families from most countries on five continents.
Geography and Climate
The Town of Gander is located at 48° 56’ N latitude, 54° 34’ W longitude, on a level plateau about 150 metres above sea level. Surrounding countryside consists of boreal forest, lakes, rivers and wetlands with abundant foliage and wildlife. The community overlooks Gander Lake, a deep, cold, freshwater reservoir approximately five kilometres wide by 50 kilometres long. The lake empties into Gander Bay via the Gander River, a scheduled salmon angling river offering spectacular beauty and adventure tourism.
Gander’s geographic position usually allows more temperate weather conditions and far less fog than neighbouring coastal areas. Daily maximum temperatures in February average -3.4 degrees Celsius, with nighttime minimums of -12.3°C. August averages daily highs of 20.6°C and lows of 10.7°C. Snowfall amounts of 80 to 90 centimetres per month are considered normal during the winter, while monthly rainfall amounts of 70 to 100 millimetres can be expected in summer.
While these averages are useful for purposes of comparison, occasional extremes are not unusual. Despite Gander’s inland location, it is still subject to the influences of the warm Gulf Stream meeting the cold Labrador Current in the North Atlantic Ocean off the Newfoundland coast. Summers may be characterized by extended periods of clear skies and above-average temperatures, or by cool temperatures accompanied by rain and drizzle for days at a time. Likewise, residents are equally prepared for occasional bouts of heavy and extended snowfall, and for periods of mild temperatures with little snow accumulation.
As is true throughout Newfoundland and Labrador, the weather is an easy topic for conversation and a ready source of wry humour.
Gander is primarily an English-speaking community, though many residents also speak French as a second language. French is taught in the public school system, with students choosing from regular classroom study or the Intensive Core or Immersion programs.