Being the Nation’s Capital, Ottawa has a lot to offer. Home to Parliament Hill and the Byward Market, Ottawa is rich in history and Canadian culture, offering plenty of museums, monuments and landmarks.
Ottawa is split into neighbourhoods in the center, east, west and south. The suburbs of Ottawa include Kanata/Stittsville (west), Orleans (east), and Greely (south).
Ottawa has many public and private universities, colleges, and professional schools. The leading universities are the University of Ottawa (a bilingual institution), and Carleton University. The Ottawa campus of Algonquin College grants degrees and certificates in technical and applied subjects. Cultural institutions and museums include the National Gallery of Canada, the Canada Science and Technology Museum, the Canadian War Museum, the Diefenbunker (a Cold War museum), the Canada Aviation and Space Museum, and the Bytown Museum. The Canadian Museum of Civilization is across the river in Gatineau. Other attractions include Library and Archives Canada (the national archives), the Parliament Buildings, and Parliament Hill, along with nearby Sparks Street, a designated historic street that was the first outdoor pedestrian mall in Canada. (https://www.britannica.com/place/Ottawa/The-contemporary-city)
Multiculturalism in Ottawa
Due to its rich ethnic, linguistic and religious diversity, and its strong talent base, Ottawa has emerged as an exciting cosmopolitan centre. The City is the second largest destination for immigrants to Ontario, after Toronto, and is a major attractor of Francophone newcomers.
Ottawa is also a young city (with a relatively low median age) and one that is rapidly diversifying: In fact, one in four Ottawa residents is an immigrant, a population that is growing twice as fast as the rest of the City’s inhabitants. All parts of the world are represented with 53% of new arrivals coming from Asia and the Middle East, 17% from Africa, and 15% from Europe. This is reflected in the languages spoken in Ottawa, including Arabic, Chinese, Spanish, Italian and German. (https://ottawa.ca/en/living-ottawa/immigrants/why-choose-ottawa)
Bilingualism in Ottawa
According to the most recent population census, approximately half of Ottawa and the surrounding region’s population is Anglophone, while a third is Francophone. Nearly half of the residents - combining Ottawa and Gatineau - speak both English and French. In fact, the number of bilingual residents has increased by 50,000 between 2006 and 2011.
The main business language in Ottawa is English, which is essential for economic success. Both the City of Ottawa and the federal government actively encourage bilingualism and work hard to ensure that residents can be served in either language.
Ottawa residents regard the presence of an active Francophone community both within the city and right next door, across the river, as significant assets, with great music, restaurants and bars, and boulangeries (French bakeries). Within Ottawa itself, Vanier is an older, primarily Francophone neighbourhood, bordering the Rideau River. (https://ottawa.ca/en/living-ottawa/immigrants/why-choose-ottawa)
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