An Operational Stress Injury is any persistent psychological difficulty resulting from operations in the military. Those operational duties can include training incidents, domestic operations and international operations.
WHAT IS AN OSI?
|Persistent psychological difficulties:
||Possible experiences and behaviours:
- Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Sleep disorders
- Other conditions - e.g. addictions (substance or behavioral), anger issues
- Lethargic or lacking energy
- Loss of passion or enthusiasm
- Struggle to maintain daily activities
- Hypervigilant or fear of large groups
- Optimism has turned to pessimism
- Anger and aggression
Possible Contributors to an OSI
There are different factors and experiences that may contribute to an OSI. Four possible contributors are: Trauma, Fatigue, Grief, and Moral Injury. A person’s experience of an OSI may come from a single area of impact or may be a combination of any of these contributors. Here are some examples for each contributor:
Moral injury is a loss injury; a disruption in our trust that occurs within our moral values and beliefs. Any events, action or inaction transgressing our moral/ethical beliefs, expectations and standards can set the stage for moral injury. (Moral Injury, CAMH, 2017). To learn more about moral injury, click here.
|Trauma or Impact Injury
Witnessing an incident
|Fatigue or Wear and Tear
Burnout back home
Being responsible for the safety of other people
Loss of people you knew
Loss of “normal”; loss of previous self
Losing the partner they knew before
|Moral Injury or Loss
Witnessing an event but being unable to help
Guilt and shame; things that weren’t done
Having no control
For information on what family and friends may be experiencing, click here.